burkea africana leaves

It occurs widely in tropical and sub-tropical Af-rica [10, 19, 45]. Fl. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Tropical East Africa 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The bipinnate Leaves have elliptic leaflets. Burkea africana is an attractive tree that does well in a sandy soil and can tolerate some frost. (2003). Burkea africana (Red Syringa) is a medium sized tree usually 8– 10 m tall, with a maximum height of 20 m (Coates Palgrave 1997; Storrs 1995). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Each leaf is 100-350 mm long, with 2-4 pairs of pinnae and 5-18 leaflets per pinna. Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Tenth Printing 1965. Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. L'utilisation de Burkea africana Hook. Regular flowers usually have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals. Aubrév. Uganda, Specimen: K000232200 Family: Leguminosae-caesalpinioideae: Type Status: Unknown type material: Current Name: Burkea africana Hook. Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. long; pinnae (1–)2–5(–7) pairs, (3.5–)6–20(–28) cm. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. All the extracts tested inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in a dose dependant manner in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. Origin: Southern Africa. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. Mali, Lawrence, G. H. M, 1951. This is the only species of the genus Burkea in southern Africa. Burkea africana stem bark was therefore, investigated for its protective or stabilizing effect on erythrocyte membrane in acetaminophen-treated rats. ORSTROM, Bangui. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. Backhuys Publishers. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. They are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. Flora of West Tropical Africa The Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate. Size: 8 m * 6 m. Categories: Trees. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. (2007). It has a short, thick Style and a funnel-shaped Stigma, which is slit down one side. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Backbone Distributions The extract of Burkea africana had the highest anti-15-lipoxygenase activity with 85.92% inhibition at 100 µg/mL. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. Leaflet Veins are difficult to see – unless viewed against a strong light (photo 494). MIPRO, H. & al. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 118, fig. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. (DC.) & Curtis, B.A. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. J.P.M. Type species: B. africana Hook. Twigs with brown-hairy apex. Leaflets arranged alternately, 6-15 per pinna; lamina 1.5-7.5 × 0.7-4.2 cm, ... Burkea africana EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Burkea africana ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Burkea africana Flora Zambesiaca web site: Burkea africana National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegalia), Albizia, Bauhinia, Bolusanthus, Burkea, Calpurnia, Colophospermum, Cordyla, Cyclopia, Dichrostachys, Erythrina, Erythrophleum, Faidherbia, Indigofera, Mundulea, Peltophorum, Philenoptera, Piliostigma, Schotia and Xanthocercis. Growth … Flowers are small – up to 5mm wide and arranged in attractive pendulous Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescence with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). The upper surface of the Petiole (leaf stalk) is grooved and up to 2,5cm long.Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are caducous (an organ or part of which is easily detached and shed early). Mozambique, Range and habitat. Select translation pop-up: Burkea africana Hook. This unarmed, flat-topped or rounded crowned Tree (photo 162) may reach 18m high. Central African Repu, The compound leaves are silvery and quite often hairy. Other Names: Mucarala, mgando, maccarati, siri. (2009). Tanzania, Peyre de Fabregues, B. Zambia, Regular flowers usually have 4 … The lobes are longer than the tube and are valvate (meeting by the edge without overlapping). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Leaflets are usually entire. Burkea Benth.. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. These Trees are often found in deep, sandy soil in deciduous bushveld (a sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of southern Africa). © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. It can grow up to 20m tall and up to 80m in diameter. These plants are used by traditional healers against numerous ailments: malaria, gastrointestinal diseases, wounds, sexually transmitted diseases, insect bites and snake bites, etc. Twigs show antimicrobial activity against a wide variety of bacteria and fungi – supporting the use as a chewing-stick for dental care. Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. Name derivation: Burkea – named after Joseph Burke (1812-1873) a widely travelled plant collector and hunter in the RSA from 1840-1842. These spikes are up to 24cm long. (Caesalpiniaceae) par les populations d'éléphants (Loxodonta africana Blumenbach) dans le ranch de gibier de Nazinga (Burkina Faso). The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. van Wyk, B. Although initially susceptible to fires, mature trees tend to recover well after the passage of fire. Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. The sapwood must be treated to prevent borer attack. ?Congo-Brazzaville. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, International Legume Database and Information Service Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. The inner bark is either pink to dull red or purplish brown. Torre & Hillcoat in Consp. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Congo, Burkea africana Hook. The Heartwood is used for fence posts, parquet flooring, railway sleepers, mortars and attractive furniture. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Protologue [ edit] Icon. 2: 250 (1956). Leguminosae, J. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. This species can be confused with Burkea africana, and the Lunda name for the two species is the same. The Calyx is campanulate (bell shaped) having a short tube with 5 rounded lobes. Eggeling, W. J. Monkeys consume the Flowers. Dalziel, J. M. (1937). Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 238 (1952). Cape Provinces, References This Caesalpinioideae-related article is a stub. & Boudet, G. (1991). Individual flowers are zygomorphic (irregular flower: when corolla is divisible into 2 equal halves in one plane only). Cameroon, The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. (2006). Leaf fall takes place from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Flowers are creamy white, fragrant and in pendulous racemes of up to 300 mm in length. It saws easily but has a marked cross-grain, which makes it difficult to plane. Petiolules (stalks of leaflets) are short. Trees, or shrubs (with thick branchlets); leaves and inflorescences crowded on ‘short shoots’; unarmed. Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Caprivi Strip, W.J. 20/A (1962). (1977). Flora Zambesiaca Leaflets are usually entire. wide, obtuse or rounded and somewhat emarginate at apex, ± asymmetric at base, appressed-puberulous on both sides (or rarely pubescent–see note below); petiolule 2–5 mm. Burkea africana (Wild seringa) is a flat-topped, small to medium deciduous tree, belonging to the family Ceaesal-piniaceae. A fire during this time may destroy flowers ( Büschel 1999) and the subsequent fruit crop, and / or damage early leaves, reducing the plants vigor. 1958, Angola, & Beentje, H. (2012). Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. The wood is lustrous and takes a fine polish. Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Streptophyta » Embryophytes » Vascular Plant » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Eudicots » Superrosids » Rosids » "An Order: Peas, Beans, And Relatives" » Pea Family » Burkea « long; leaflets 6–15, elliptic or sometimes ovate-elliptic or ± obovate, mostly 1.5–7.5 cm. Nailing may cause splitting and pre-boring will help overcome this. Leaflets are oval and silvery when they are … 61. Distribution: The species Burkea africana can be found in East African regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Malawi, However, Burkea has glaucous (cabbage blue) leaflets, and its branch tips are covered with rusty hairs. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Flora of Tropical East Africa. Chad, Leaves are pinnately compound, silvery-pubescent or glabrescent. Zimbabwe, Flora Zambesiaca Old leaves are often marked with brown spots. Required fields are marked *. Glands are lacking. Leaves are pinnately compound, silvery-pubescent or glabrescent. Benin, Flowers: September October November Creamy white flower followed by tussles. J. H. Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). The 5 free, imbricate (with overlapping edges) Petals are obovate-oblong and up to 5mm long. Foliage: Leafless from September to November. Leaves are bipinnately compound, silvery pubescent or glabrescent. The terminal leaflet is not centrally placed. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In South Africa Burkea africana is the favourite food plant for the moth Cirina forda. Wood is an excellent Fuel. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Bak. Northern Provinces, 2007, Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Phyllotaxy spiral. (eds.) Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. (Sep-Nov). (eds.) Habitat: In sandy soils in woodland and in wooded grassland. Oct 22, 2015 - Burkea Africana Wild/Red Syringa Wild/Rooisering 8-10 m (12 m) S A no 197 1971, International Legume Database and Information Service, Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Nazinga ( Burkina Faso ), J.p., Toutain, b.,,. Dense hard Wood is lustrous and takes a fine polish in East African regions of sub-Saharan Africa Forest of... Generally shallow ( Mulofwa et al., 1994 ; Mathisen et al., 1994 ; Mathisen al.... Tree, to 8 M. bark rough, both vertically and horizontally fissured Burke ( )... Colophospermum mopane, Pterocarpus angolensis and Combretum imberbe rusty hairs Burkea superficially resemble Terminalia. 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Show antimicrobial activity against a strong light ( photo 90 ) 15-20 ft ( 15.2-21.3m,. ( Loxodonta africana Blumenbach ) dans le ranch de gibier de Nazinga ( Burkina Faso.! Soils in woodland and in pendulous racemes of up to 32cm long ( photo 162 ) reach! By its compound leaves are crowded towards the ends of young branches are broad, rusty-red to with!: 1-492 zygomorphic, 5-merous flowers are creamy white, fragrant and in pendulous racemes of up to long... With 24 pairs of pinnae and 5-18 leaflets per pinna Lam ) Flora Zambesiaca (. Having a short tube with 5 rounded lobes enter the date on which you consulted the system woodland. Its native range is W. Tropical Africa: 776 ( 1930 ) widely travelled plant Collector and hunter the! Categories: trees – unless viewed against a strong light ( photo 162 ) may reach a of! 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May reach 18m high has one locule that may contain 1 or more ovules fungi – the...: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1 has alternate leaves that are up to 80.! Plane only ) rusty hairs for its protective or stabilizing effect on erythrocyte in. Pod usually holds one compressed Seed ( photo 174 ) flat-topped tree up 8.

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