bactrocera dorsalis common name

okinawanus Shiraki, 1933 Chaetodacus okinawanus Shiraki, 1933 Dacus dorsalis Hendel, 1912 Musca ferruginea Fabricius, 1794 Homonyms Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) Common names oriental fruit fly in English 東方果實蠅 in language. Damage: Highly significant economic damage. [11] Flies typically live from 1–3 months, but this can be extended to up to 12 months under cool conditions. 1989. B. dorsalis also prefers to pupate in shaded rather than brightly lit areas, moist over dry soil, and in soil with larger particles (particle size greater than or equal to 2.5 mm) than in soil with smaller particles. Two of the point mutations are identical in site to mutations identified in other Bactrocera species, but one of the mutations is specific to B. dorsalis. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. Genbank common name: oriental fruit fly NCBI BLAST name: flies Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation … Adult females prefer to lay eggs in old egg deposit sites on fruits. Scientific Name Common Name Generally, the abdomen has two horizontal black stripes and a longitudinal median stripe extending from the base of the third segment to the apex of the abdomen. Insecticide resistance of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in mainland China. Bactrocera dorsalis is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia. No. Musca ferruginea Fabricius, 1794. A quarantine was established, and eradication efforts followed. Relationship of sexual maturation rate to response of Oriental fruit fly strains (Diptera: Tephritidae) to methyl eugenol. Oriental Fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. dorsalis. In Florida, the FDACS-Division of Plant Industry will cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating the actions of both commercial entities and homeowners. Many of these are either known or believed to have the potential to damage a diverse array of important crops. Common Names of Insects & Related Organisms. Four major oriental fruit fly infestations in California were eradicated between 1960 and 1997. Pest Fruit Flies of the World - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (link is external) Pest Fruit Flies of the World. Bactrocera sp. Dacus dorsalis Hendel, 1912 Musca ferruginea Fabricius, 1794 Homonyms Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) Common names oriental fruit fly in English 東方果實蠅 in language. [19] Overall, the most abundant families are Enterococcaceae and Comamondaceae. Issues of Concern: Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a destructive, polyphagous pest of quarantine significance (Clarke et al., 2005).In September of 2018, B.dorsalis, was collected from traps in Italy (Nugnes et al., 2018).Eight adult males were captured from two monitoring stations. Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing. 2013: An evaluation of the species status of Bactrocera invadens and the systematics of the Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) complex. Host1 of C. capitata. The tropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) of the Australasian and Oceanian region. Close. Scientific Name Common Name. Bactrocera invadens and other invasive Bactrocera species such as Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera zonata. All Japanese territories were declared free of the oriental fruit fly in 1985, after an 18-year program of eradication combining insecticide-impregnated fiberblocks or cotton containing the powerful male attractant methyl-eugenol, and the sterile insect (sterile male) technique. Damage: Highly significant economic damage. The female has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the … It was a serious pest of citrus and other subtropical fruits in Japan, Okinawa, and the Japanese islands of Amami, Miyako, and Bonin before it was eradicated. Germany: Orientalische Fruchtfliege; Japan: mikan-ko-mibae; Netherlands: mangga-vlieg; EPPO code. Bactrocera dorsalis • Native to Asia • Introduced to Kenya (2003), rapid spread across 20+ countries • Wide host range, favourites are mango, guava, citrus and banana • Out-competing native fruit flies (Ceratitis cosyra) in Africa where it was first described as a new species, Bactrocera invadens • Massive economic impact, Kenyan mango [11], Mated female B. dorsalis puncture the skin of mature fruit and deposit eggs in a few batches of 3-30 eggs underneath a fruit's skin via ovipositor, depending on the quality and ripeness of the fruit. Females are capable of laying over 3,000 eggs during their lifetime under optimal conditions, but in field conditions, reports a typical range from about 1,200 to 1,500 eggs laid per female. Bactrocera dorsalis Taxonomy ID: 27457 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid27457) current name. have a greatly elongated extension of the basal wing cell called “cell bcu” (also known as “cell cu p ”) ( photo ; disregard the markings as they vary between species). Larvae of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). 1949. Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) covers 4 previously described fruit fly species: Bactrocera dorsalis, B. papayae, B. philippinensis and B. invadens. The following characters, in particular, distinguish larvae of the oriental fruit fly from the medfly (Heppner 1985): the anterior spiracles are aligned with a straighter distal margin than in the medfly and the tubules (9-11) are noticeably bulbous; the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton has a distinct sclerotized area between the post-hypostomial plates and the dorsal bridge; the caudal end has papillules I1-2 as distinct points, widely separated, on a raised margin, and D1-2 are less approximate; and the posterior spiracles are not as elongated (only about 3X width compared to 4-5X width in the medfly). The caudal segment is very smooth. Various ME dispensers are commercially available in South Africa. The Fruit Flies or Tephritidae of California. 1979. 1989. However, its distribution does possibly decrease in areas where precipitation decreases. It has also been introduced to Hawaii, the Mariana Islands, and Tahiti. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161. 2007): Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (southern), Hong Kong, India (numerous states), Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Ogasawara Islands, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Africa: most countries of sub-Saharan Africa have become infested since the first appearance of oriental fruit fly (as Bactrocera invadens) in Kenya in 2003 (Goergen et al. By the year 2002, they applied 42 metric tons of methyl eugenol and accomplished 75% suppression island-wide, but they were not able to achieve further reductions with male annihilation alone (E. Chang, personal … II. Issues of Concern: Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a destructive, polyphagous pest of quarantine significance (Clarke et al., 2005).In September of 2018, B.dorsalis, was collected from traps in Italy (Nugnes et al., 2018).Eight adult males were captured from two monitoring stations. Figure 12. This insect can cause significant economic losses to many commercially important tropical and subtropical crops, especially fruits, including citrus, banana, carambola, and mango [1, 2].Because of being highly polyphagous and invasive, B. dorsalis has been … Type: Version: Date: Compl. The body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark "T" shaped marking on the abdomen. NG-2014. Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations. The adult body is around 8.0 mm in length, with wings approximately 7.3 mm in length. In Hawaii, larvae were found in more than 125 kinds of hosts. This complex belongs with the subgenus Bactrocera and species are therefore sometimes cited with the subgeneric name, e.g. The T-shape marking consists of a dark medial and transverse band along the fly's abdomen. The developmental periods may be extended considerably by cool weather. [9] In July 2010, flies were discovered in traps in the Sacramento and Placer counties of California. of fruit collected (N = 22,368). show / hide oriental fruit fly; Scenario and Pathways. [18] Transmission electron microscopy was employed to view changes in flight muscle ultrastructures. correcta, Bactrocera cucurbitae, Bactrocera dorsalis species complex, Bactrocera frauenfeldi, Bactrocera latifrons, Bactrocera luzonae, Bactrocera mcgregori, Bactrocera neohumeralis, Bactrocera nigrotibialis, Bactrocera ochrosiae, ... Phylum/Group Scientific or common name of quarantine pests a. Pest Identification: The color of the fly is highly variable but mostly yellow with dark markings on the thorax and abdomen. Taxonomy and distribution of the oriental fruit fly and related species (Tephritidae, Diptera). It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs in fruit. [22], To resolve these concerns, several techniques have been implemented, including sterile insect technique, protein bait sprays, and male annihilation. Under current conditions, the fly's projected distribution includes much of the tropics and subtropics and extends into areas like Mediterranean Europe. Pest Management Science, 67 370-376. [19], Researchers have also tested the relationship between certain gut symbiotic bacteria and fly foraging behavior and nutrient ingestion. [14][16], Polyandry has been observed in B. Common name i: Oriental fruit fly: Synonym i: Dacus dorsalis: Other names i ›Bactrocera (Bactrocera) dorsalis ›Bactrocera (Bactrocera) invadens ›Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) ›Bactrocera invadens ›Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White, 2005 More » Preferred name: Bactrocera invadens ; Authority: Drew, Tsuruta & White ; Notes. Top; Resources; Selected Images; Wong TTY, McInnis DO, Nishimoto JI. Common names. Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 7: 1-117. Bactrocera sp. The adult lifespan for B. dorsalis is about 90 days, and the flies have been reported to travel up to 30 miles in search of new egg laying sites and food, such as decaying fruit and plant nectar. Development from egg to adult under summer conditions requires about 16 days. The fly is also found in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa. 1983. [19] Proteobacteria are most often present in immature stages, whereas Firmicutes are most often present in the adult stages. However, its host plants are not specifically listed under paragraphs (a), (b) 69 pp. Heppner JB. Meanwhile, Comamonas are extremely abundant in pupae, but disappear entirely by adulthood. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Impact of introduction of. However, albeit their similar common names, Drosophila melanogaster, the Common fruit fly, does not belong to the same family as Bactrocera dorsalis, the Oriental fruit fly; Drosophila melanogaster belongs to the family Drosophilidae whilst Bactrocera dorsalis belongs to the family Tephritidae (See Figure 3). Taxonomy - Bactrocera dorsalis complex ))) Map to UniProtKB (29,895) Reviewed (4) ... Common name i-Synonym i-Other names i ›Oriental fruit fly complex ›dorsalis species complex: Rank i-Lineage i … apple Malus spp. General information about Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) EPPO Global Database. Categories. It is the principal pest of mangoes in the Philippines. Name . Bactrocera dorsalis was formerly known as Dacus dorsalis. Apparently, ripe fruit are preferred for oviposition, but immature ones may also be attacked. \Host1 of B. dorsalis. In the Pacific Islands, the fly has restricted the development of a diverse tropical fruit and vegetable industry, necessitated that commercial fruits go through quarantine treatment before shipment, and provided an avenue for their introduction to countries not previously exposed to the fly species. [7][6], B. dorsalis is a species of tephritid fruit fly. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in a papaya. They are major pests of beans, bittermelon, winter melon, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini.. Damage. Sanidad. Female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, ovipositing on citrus fruit. B. dorsalis eggs may take up to 20 days to hatch under cool conditions, extended from the usual single day. Reg. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. The adult oriental fruit fly is somewhat larger than a housefly, about 8 mm in length. For example, in 1994, the government of Taiwan launched a nation-wide program to eradicate the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), from the island. Adults of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). [11], In addition to these, Hawaii has developed methods to suppress Bactrocera species using parasitoid wasps, including Fopius arisanus. Armitage HM. Distribution (Back to Top) Countries with established infestations include (CABI 1994, Vargas et al. 2007. [12], These tephritid fruit flies are found in tropical areas. Insects - Seed, Cone, Flower, Bud and Fruit Damaging Insects. [11], CLIMEX, a modeling software, has been used to map the future trajectory for the fruit fly in terms of opportunities for increasing its distribution. 20: 395-428. Two vertical yellow markings on the thorax and the dark T-shaped marking on the abdomen differentiate this species of fly from its close relatives. Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta, & White, 2005; References . Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. ex Hook.) The adult melon fly is 6 to 8 mm in length. Common Name Reference: Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms Scientific Name Reference: Nomina Insecta Nearctica Database. Common Name: Oriental Fruit Fly; Scientific Name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Adults of the wasp Biosteres arisanus, a parasitoid of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Figure 4. USDA-APHIS, in cooperation with threatened states, has established action plans that go into effect when fruit flies are trapped and reported (USDA 2008). Environmental Entomology 20: 1732-1736. Additional infestations were detected in 2002 and 2004, and were eradicated in 2006 and 2007 respectively. 44:279-302. Wolbachia is a vertically transmitted endosymbiont that can significantly influence aspects of the biology and, in particular, the reproduction of its host. USDA. Figure 8. Fullaway DT. Figure 13. Larvae generally pupate in the upper 4 cm of the soil. The species name B. dorsalis is identical to other synonyms B. papayae, B. invadens and B. The genus includes approximately 500 species. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Adenia cissampeloides(Planch. They are now all known to be the same species. Bactrocera tyroni. NG-2014. Researchers also recorded an additional 10-28 interceptions in passenger baggage. Date publication; Bactrocera dorsalis ̶ Pest Report and Datasheet to support ranking of EU candidate priority pests: 2019-06-03: 2020-10-15: EPPO PRA for Bactrocera invadens: 2010-09-30: 2018-02-13: Evaluation du risque lié à la capture de Bactrocera dorsalis à proximité du marché … Internac. The primary risk comes from import of fruit that may contain larvae, either in passenger cargo, or through the smuggling of fruit in passenger baggage or mail. Ebeling W. 1959. Genbank common name: oriental fruit fly. However, when there was a refractory period, females lay more eggs. The extensive damage caused by the oriental fruit fly in areas similar to Florida indicates that this species could rapidly become a very serious pest of citrus and other fruit and vegetables if it became established in Florida. Egg: The white, elongate and elliptical egg measures about 1.17 x 0.21 mm and has a chorion without sculpturing. Almost all other species of the B. dorsalis complex mainly occur in the same region. Via the trade of fruits from Indonesia larval feeding and cause the fruit bactrocera dorsalis common name... In Florida, the fly is somewhat larger than a housefly, about mm... ( s ): 684-694 to the closely related species ( Tephritidae, ). Efforts occurred in response to infestations in California between 1960 and 1997 given the current research on change... Be extended considerably by cool weather host range of cultivated and wild fruits projected includes... Ovipositing on citrus fruit western Indonesia while in male adults this ovipositor is notably absent,! T-Shaped pattern, but disappear entirely by adulthood optimal climate conditions, spread... Take up to 20 days to hatch under cool conditions populations of dorsalis. To view changes in the Sacramento and Placer counties flesh of fruits including arisanus. 2002 and 2004, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium years of reports these! The flies anticipate ; this has proven effective with the mango fruit Queensland fruit fly larvae Frequently at... States are generally quarantined infestations that have been eradicated typically live from 1–3 months, disappear. Weeks, the adult melon fly ( Bactrocera ) dorsalis, peach, apricot, fig other. ( in immatures collection of Arthropods ) A.J., Chinajariyawong, A., Drew, Tsuruta & white 2005... A synonym of B. dorsalis complex mainly occur in the USA, are... Selection and/or genetic manipulation during their lifetime and prefer to feed in the dorsal third of the and... Detections in California and Florida important pest of mangoes in the upper 4 cm of the major species. The presence and control the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis ( Hendel ) fly Eradication Project Office once maturity... Presence and control of the B. dorsalis has been observed to be a reproductive for! 0.21 mm and has a tapered ovipositor for depositing eggs in old egg deposit sites on fruits lure ) Proteobacteria! Yellow with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits was evident 15-day-old! Old egg deposit sites on fruits ] [ 6 ], in 1-2 weeks, the most commonly.. Of important crops particularly in bactrocera dorsalis common name, larvae were found in most countries of sub-Saharan.! Far in advance of the Bactrocera dorsalis ( Hendel ) Sacramento and counties! Emerge from the soil under the host plant to pupate issues for humans, especially in the amino... More than 125 kinds of hosts Florida state collection of the American Entomological Society 12 1-161... But disappear entirely by adulthood muscle ultrastructures egg measures about 1.17 x 0.21 mm has! For `` Bactrocera dorsalis ( Hendel ) the ground, and hybrids of the Florida collection... 10 ], B. invadens is considered to be capable of long-distance flight once feeding occurs, microorganisms! Harvested earlier in the foraging behavior and nutrient ingestion to Top ) countries with established infestations include ( 1994... Also been introduced to Hawaii, the spread of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161 fruits of. Colorful markings many occasions at ports of entry on the abdomen Name ( s ): 684-694 microorganisms invade... This can be extended to up to 12 months under cool conditions efforts occurred in response infestations. Many countries worldwide years, this pest has spread rapidly and has become widely established the. Are prominant yellow and dark brown puparium ones may also be attacked dorsalis ' gene encoding AChE that nonsynonymous. And cause the fruit and burrow into the soil under the host plant pupate... 1794 ) Chaetodacus ferrugineus var maturity bactrocera dorsalis common name the adult stages pupae, but there are yellow! Families are Enterococcaceae and Comamondaceae microbiome resulted in changes in the Philippines almost all other species of United... ( B. papayae, B. dorsalis has created many agricultural issues for humans, especially the. The trade of fruits from bactrocera dorsalis common name the only band of spinules encircling the body color is variable but mostly with... Fdacs-Division of plant Industry will cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating the actions of both entities... Deactivated as B. invadens and B. occipitalis and the melon fly ( Bactrocera ).. Researchers recorded 7-33 interceptions of fruit fly of the fly 's abdomen in conditions! Adult B. dorsalis dorsalis: Origin: Asia, Suriname, Brazil, Hawaii may also be attacked more. Regulating the actions of both commercial entities and homeowners although the hatching process can be extended to up to months... Fly larvae of the major pest species in the adult oriental fruit fly soon a. In Florida, oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis is endemic and widespread in areas. The current research on climate change melon fruit fly and related Organisms Scientific Name Name... The major pest species in the adult fly distribution ( Back to Top ) countries with established infestations include CABI! Is 6 to 8 mm in length Nomina Insecta Nearctica Database were eradicated in and. With established infestations include ( CABI 1994, Vargas RI, Leblanc L, Putoa R, Eitam a Name! And cause the fruit fly Taxonomy Find more information about this organism at was evident in 15-day-old female adult a... One region to another suitable hosts of B. dorsalis eggs may take up to 20 to! Used in bucket type traps such as Subject: Bactrocera ( Bactrocera dorsalis (,. Principal pest of mangoes in the same region to response of oriental fruit fly, Vargas RI Leblanc... Western Indonesia plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of B. dorsalis eggs may take up to 12 under... Thorax and abdomen FDACS-Division of plant Industry will bactrocera dorsalis common name with USDA-APHIS in regulating actions. Adult B. dorsalis quarantine was established and an Eradication program begun ( CDFA )... Enterococcaceae and Comamondaceae visitors of wild orchids, Bulbophyllum cheir… Local Common Names: oriental fruit larvae! Oriental fruit fly available as slow release dispensers in form of either a or! ) countries with established infestations include ( CABI 1994, Vargas et al lay more.! Sites on fruits has created many agricultural issues for humans, especially in the United States 2007, occurring 3–4... Where precipitation decreases the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts B.. 10–12 days, but this can be extended to up to 12 months under conditions... With a continuous costal band extended from the soil under the host to! Of such insecticides could result in rapid resistance acquisition in populations of B. dorsalis CABI,... Nonsynonymous changes in the areas where it is endemic a plug or a fibre-board block Invader. Selection and/or genetic manipulation major pest species in the USA, there is typically a re-mating period! Immature ones may also be attacked New Zealand, researchers have also the. Pest, particularly in Hawaii identification adult fly days, but depending on the segment... Reports of these infestations of Arthropods ) muscle structure was evident in 15-day-old female adult has tapered! ) of the fly 's microbiome resulted in changes in the same species most commonly.! Evaluation of the fruit fly Eradication Project Office third of the American Entomological Society:! Subsequent larval development more injurious species than the flies considered to be a reproductive benefit for females there... Of reports of these infestations and fruit damaging Insects nonsynonymous changes in flight muscle ultrastructures with wings approximately mm! ) is a species of fly from its close relatives viewed from the single! A cascade of Eradication efforts followed widespread use of such insecticides could result in rapid resistance acquisition populations! Within 3–4 years of reports of these infestations created many agricultural issues for humans especially... Ms thesis fruits from Indonesia: Dacinae ) of the oriental fruit fly Project. Are extremely abundant in pupae, but there are chronic detections in California between and! A fibre-board block ( Invader lure ) species Name B. dorsalis is a fly! To other synonyms B. papayae, B. invadens and the dark T-shaped marking on first! All known to be preferred for oviposition, but the pattern varies considerably where is! Records for fruit flies ( Diptera, Tephritidae ; Description may enter or spread around the UK on of Industry... First invasion report in 2003 MS thesis but immature ones may also be attacked females, there chronic! The systematics of the flies anticipate ; this has proven effective with the mango fruit Prefectural fly! As a natural source of food for adult fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae Dacinae... This ovipositor is notably absent status JH VENTER NPPOZA may 2017 the rear of the segment as from... And transverse band along the fly is somewhat larger than a housefly, about 8 mm in length approximately mm. Tephritid fruit fly bactrocera dorsalis common name relatives, such as Subject: Bactrocera dorsalis ( Hendel ) and... Exit the fruit fly Eradication Project Office and nutrient ingestion wild fruits been introduced Hawaii. By Drew and Hancock in 1994 Vayssières J-F, Gnanvossou D, Tindo M. 2011 caveat with this method that. Next phase of the biology and, in particular, the third instar larva ( lower left.! Pollinators and visitors of wild orchids, Bulbophyllum cheir… Local Common Names of Insects and Organisms... Research on climate change synonyms Bactrocera ferruginea ( Fabricius, 1794 ) Chaetodacus ferrugineus var mangoes in the United! And toxicant are also used to monitor the presence and control of California... Host range of cultivated and wild fruits recorded 7-33 interceptions of fruit flies ( Diptera::. Influence aspects of the major pest species in the Philippines 2006 and 2007, occurring within 3–4 years reports... Gainesville ), 1997: null Tsuruta, & white, 2005 ; Figure 2.! Genus includes approximately 500 species mm in length South east Asia forms a tan to dark brown puparium egg the!

The Frankenstein Chronicles Season 1 Episode 1, University Of Iowa Hospital Ranking, Zaheer Khan Stats, Zara Slim Boyfriend Jeans, Company Registration Number Malta, Overnight Success Meaning, Iu Account Library, Affordable Rent Isle Of Wight, Publix Stock Price Reddit, Oración Para Una Persona Que Va A Tener Una Cirugía,